W O R L D    P L A N T S

Illustrated World Compendium of Orchids - List of Taxa

Michael Hassler & Joachim Rheinheimer

Statistics for Countries and Regions

 

Updated May 29th, 2017

 

Due to vegetation geography statistics following political boundaries do not make sense in many cases. Therefore in the following country summary we have counted various regions (especially islands) separate from their parent country (for example Corse - France, Sicily - Italy, Eastern Aegaean - Greece, Azores - Portugal, Zanzibar - Tanzania, Alaska/Aleutes - USA, Borneo - peninsular Malaysia and many others). Indonesia is split completely in the larger island groups. In other examples we have united regions, which belong politically to separate countries (especially islands like New Guinea, Borneo, Hispaniola, etc.).

The distribution statistics are somewhat more incomplete than the species count per genus, because we could not use recent checklists for some countries:

- for 260 countries and regions (95 %) the species count should be largely correct,

- for 8 countries and regions (3 %) the number can be well estimated,

- for 8 countries and regions (2 %) we have no recent checklist or reliable statistics. The largest gap exists for the Lesser Sunda Islands and for several subfamilies in Sumatra.

 

Orchids grow (nearly) everywhere. Only some desert countries (Mauritania, Kuwait, Western Sahara, Qatar, United Arab Emirates), some isolated, species poor islands (Ascension, St. Helena, Kerguelen, Tristan da Cunha etc.) and young coral atolls (Kiribati, Marshall Isl., Nauru) have no indigenous orchids. Desert regions are usually very poor in species, whereas orchids are remarkably tolerant to climate and reach into the far north (Greenland, Alaska) and in the subantarctic south (Tierra del Fuego, Macquarie Island). The number or species increases exponentially in the tropics and is extremely high in the mountainous tropics (Colombia, New Guinea, Indonesia, Ecuador, Costa Rica, etc.).

The highest numbers of species per region occur in Colombia, Ecuador, New Guinea, Brazil, Peru or Borneo. Large countries like China and India follow behind. In this statistics the Malesian islands are counted separately, however. Following political boundaries, Indonesia with over 5000 species would have by far the most species. The correct number for Indonesia can only be estimated, because a reasonable separation between Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea in todays boundaries cannot be made.

It is quite surprising that the relatively small Ecuador turns out to be the country with the most orchid species (about 4000) This is probably an artificial result and caused by a comparably good treatment of Ecuador. Colombia most certainly harbours more orchid species than Ecuador and catches up quickly by better accessibility in the last years. If the whole island is treated, New Guinea would also be a runner-up for the most orchid species per area.

Tropical Africa is comparably poor in species, which is the same situation as for vascular plants and insects in total. Madagascar alone has nearly as many species as the whole tropical Africa. A most likely reason is the near-absence of a real tropical mountain flora in Africa. Many scientists assume that the tropical African rainforest did shrink several times to small islands, caused by major climate shifts.

If considering species density per area, the well known and highly diverse Costa Rica, still covered with many rainforests and cloud forests, shows up in first place, followed by Panama and Ecuador. Within the small islands, La Réunion with its cloud forests and an amazing 229 species tops the density.

High endemism rates (of the species rich regions) are found on the isolated islands with an ancient flora (like Madagascar and New Caledonia), but also on tropical mountain islands like New Guinea, Brazil with a large surface area and the isolated atlantic forests, and, not surprisingly, Western Australia with an almost completely isolated floristic region.

 

 

TOTAL SPECIES COUNT (May 2017): 28.785 (excluding hybrids)

 

1) Status:

          ++            modern orchid flora exists

          +(+)   modern orchid flora has been published partially, but the checklist is complete

          +       complete checklist exists

          o        species have been recorded only partially in modern times

          o(+)   species have been recorded incompletely, but a modern orchid flora exists partially

          -        no recent flora or checklist available, species count very imprecise

 

         

Species in database

endem.

Status1

Country

 size

 (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

[for Europe only a small selection is listed]

EUROPE

180 - 200

(206 in list, some authors count over 400)

 

 

10.291.830

Europe in general:

Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005)

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Albania

68

0

++

28.748

Illustrated Flora of Albania (Pils 2016)

Die Orchideenflora Albaniens (Gölz & Reinhard 1984)

Austria

69

0

++

83.858

Exkursionsflora von Österreich (Fischer, ed., 1994)

Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen (Presser 1995)

Wildwachsende Orchideen in Österreich (Redl 1996)

Baleares

40

0

++

4.912

Orquidacies. - In: Flora de Mallorca, Vol. 2 (Barcelo 1978)

Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants, Vol. 3 (Smythies 1986)

Petita guia de las Orquidies de les Balears (Alomar 1994)

Belarus

33

0

++

207.595

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

Belgium

51

0

++

30.528

Les Orchidees de France, Belgique et Luxembourg (Bournerias et al. 1998)

Orchidaceae Belgicae (Klopfenstein & Toussaint 1983-87)

Bulgaria

55

0

++

110.994

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora von Bulgarien (Stojanow & Stafanov 1948)

Corse (Corsica)

53

1

++

8.680

Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977)

Crete

51

1

++

8.335

Die Orchideen von Kreta und Karpathos (Alibertis 1997) (engl. ed. 1998)

Orchidaceae (Scheurer & Jahn). In: Exkursionsflora für Kreta (Jahn & Schönfelder 1995)

Orchideen auf Kreta, Karpathos & Kasos (Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001)

Crimea peninsula

44

1

++

25.993

Checklist of the Orchids of Crimea (Fateryga & Kreutz 2014)

former Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic & Slovakia)

63

0

++

78.864 (Cze.)

49.035 (Slov.)

Orchideje nasi prirody (Prochazka & Velisek 1983)

Orchid distribution and protection in Moravia and Silesia (Husak 1996)

Verbreitung und Schutz der Orchideen in Mähren und Schlesien (Jatiova & Smitak 1997)

Denmark

39

0

++

43.094

Orchidaceae. - In: Dansk feltflora (Hansen 1981)

Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997)

England (incl. Scotland and Wales, excl. Northern Ireland)

48

1

++

244.110

Wild Orchids of Scotland (Allan, Woods & Clarks 1993)

Orchidaceae. In: Flora of Great Britain, Ireland, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, Vol. 5 (Sell & Murrell 1997)

Estonia

34

1

++

45.227

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Native orchids in Estonia (Kuusk 1996)

European Turkey

35

0

++

ca. 40.000

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 8 (Renz & Taubenheim 1984)

Die Orchideen der Türkei (Kreutz 1999)

Faroe Isl.

8

0

++

1.399

 

Finland

31

0

++

338.144

Norsk, svensk, finsk flora (Lid, 5. ed., Gjaerevoll 1985)

Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997)

Kaemmekaet - Suomen orkideat (Korhonen & Vuokko 1987)

France (except Corse)

99

1

 

++

535.285

Orchidacées. In: Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977)

Les Orchidees de France, Belgique et Luxembourg (Bournerias et al. 1998)

Germany

69

2

++

356.970

Flora von Deutschland und angrenzender Länder (Schmeil/Fitschen), (89. Auflage 1993, ed. Senghas & Seybold)

Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen (Presser 1995)

Greece (incl. western Aegaean, excl. eastern Aegaean, excl. Crete)

< 100

(102 in list)

9

++

123.600

Orchidaceae. - In: Synopsis Flora Graecae: Orchidaceae (Diapulis 1995)

The Orchids of Greece - Inventory and Review (Kalopissis 1988)

Orchids of Greece (Lepper 1981)

Hungary

60

0

++

93.030

Vadon elo orchideak (Molnar, Sulyok & Videki 1995)

Iceland

 

8

0

++

103.000

 

Ireland (incl. Northern Ireland)

29

1

++

70.000

British & Irish Orchids: a field guide (Ettlinger 1976)

A Guide to the Wild Orchids of Great Britain and Ireland (Lang 1989)

Italy (except islands)

< 120

(121 in list)

14

++

203.856

Orchidee Spontanee d'Italia (Del Prete & Tosi 1988)

Orchidaceae (Pignatti). In: Flora d'Italia (Rasetti 1982)

Orchidee d’Italia (Sguazzini & Glerean 1981)

Jan Mayen Isl.

0

0

++

380

The Flora of Jan Mayen (Lid 1964)

Latvia

31

0

++

63.700

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Diversity, state and protection of Orchidaceae species in Lithuania (Gudzinskas 2001)

Lithuania

34

0

++

65.300

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Diversity, state and protection of Orchidaceae species in Lithuania (Gudzinskas 2001)

Luxemburg

33

0

++

 

Die Orchideen Luxemburgs (Mangen et al. 1993)

Les Orchidees de France, Belgique et Luxembourg (Bournerias et al. 1998)

Malta (incl. Gozo)

27

0

++

316

A Flora of the Maltese Islands (Haslam, Sell & Wolseley 1977)

Le Orchidaceae dell'archipelago maltese (Bartolo et al. 2001)

Moldavia

15

0

o

33.700

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

Netherlands

49

0

++

33.920

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora van Nederland (21. ed.) (Heuckels & van der Meijden 1990)

De orchideen van Nederland - ecologie - verspreiding - bedreiging - beheer (Kreutz & Dekker 2000)

Norway

37

0

++

385.639

Norsk, svensk, finsk flora (Lid, 5. ed. von Gjaerevoll 1985)

Orkideer i Norden (Nylen 1984)

Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997)

Poland

46

0

++

312.684

Orchids of Poland (Szlachetko & Skakuj 1996)

Storczyki Zachodniej Czesci Polskich Beskidow (Bernacki 1999)

Orchidaceae. - In: Atlas Flory Polskiej i Ziem Osciennych, Vol. 5, pt. 1 (Madalski 1971)

Portugal

49

0

++

89.357

The Orchid Flora of Portugal (Tyteca 1997)

Romania

62

1

++

237.500

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora Romaniei, Vol. II (Beldie 1979)

Russia (European parts, excl. Caucasus and Transcaucasus)

49

0

++

ca. 5.000.000

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

Orkhidei nachei strany (Vakhrameeva et al. 1991)

Sardegna (Sardinia)

57

2

++

23.318

Orchidee spontanee della Sardegna (Giotta & Picitto 1990)

Orchidee spontanee della Sardegna (Scrugli 1991)

Orchidee Spontanee d'Italia (Del Prete & Tosi 1988)

Orchidaceae (Pignatti). In: Flora d'Italia (Rasetti 1982)

Orchidee. Specie spontanee (Liverani 1991)

Orchidacee d’Italia (Grünanger 2001)

Sicily (incl. Pantelleria Isl.)

70

3

++

25.426

Orchidee Spontanee d'Italia (Del Prete & Tosi 1988)

Orchidaceae (Pignatti). In: Flora d'Italia (Rasetti 1982)

Orchidee d’Italia (Sguazzini & Glerean 1981)

A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily (GIARDINA et al. 2007)

Spain (excl. Baleares)

88

2

++

498.717

Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants, Vol. 3 (Smythies 1986)

Sweden (incl. Gotland, Øland)

45

0

++

449.964

Norsk, svensk, finsk flora (Lid, 5. ed. von Gjaerevoll 1985)

Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997)

Orkideer i Norden (Nylen 1984)

Switzerland

66

0

++

41.285

Schul- und Exkursionsflora für die Schweiz (19. ed.) (Binz & Heiz 1990)

Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen (Presser 1994)

Die Orchideen der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete (Reinhard et al. 1991)

Die Orchideen der Schweiz (Danesch 1984)

Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete (Hess, Landolt & Hirzel 1967-1970)

Ukraine (excl. Crimea)

42

0

++

603.700

Orchids of Ukraine (Sobko 1989, in russian)

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

former Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro)

101

0

++

255.000

Orchideen in Jugoslawien (Gölz & Reinhard 1986)

Die Orchideenflora Montenegros (Parolly 1991, in Mitt. Bl. AHO Bad.-Württ., Vol. 24)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

MACARONESIA

13

 

 

14.294

Macaronesia in general: Flora of Macaronesia, Checklist of Vascular Plants, 4th ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Azores

3

3

++

2.247

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora Europaea, Vol. 5 (Soó 1980)

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die Orchideen der Azoren (Frey 1977)

Canary Isl.

8

2

++

7.273

Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln (Hohenester & Weiss 1993)

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Madeira (incl. Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo, Salvajes Isl.)

5

2

++

741

Flora of Madeira (Press 1994)

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Beitrag zur Kenntnis und Verbreitung der Orchideen von Madeira (Rückbrodt & Rückbrodt 1990)

Cape Verde Isl.

2

1

+

4.033

Flora of Macaronesia, Checklist of Vascular Plants, 4th ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

NORTHERN AFRICA

53

 

 

4.756.888

Northern Africa in general:

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Algeria

51

1

++

2.381.740

Nouvelle Flore de l'Algerie (Quezel & Santa 1962)

Egypt (except Sinai peninsula)

0

0

++

938.915

Flora of Egypt, Vol. 1: Azollaceae - Oxalidaceae (Boulos 1999)

Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 6 (Heller & Heyn 1991)

Libya

12

1

++

1.757.000

Orchidaceae (Flora Libia, Fasc. 119) (Hossain & El-Gadi 1985)

Zur Kenntnis der Orchideenflora der Cyrenaika (Libyen) (Baumann & Baumann 2001)

Morocco

39

1

++

453.730

Les orchidées du Maroc (Raynaud 1985)

Tunisia

36

0

++

164.418

Orchidées de Tunisie (Valles & Valles-Lombard 1988)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

TROPICAL AFRICA

1728

 

 

22.833.594

Tropical Africa in general:

Enumeration des Plantes a Fleurs d'Afrique Tropicale, Vol. 3 (Lebrun & Stork 1995) [without exact distribution, islands omitted]

Angola

216

17

+

1.246.700

A provisional checklist of the Orchidaceae of Angola (Schelpe 1976)

Plants of Angola (Figueiredo & Smith 2008) [Checklist]

Annobon Isl.

24

2

+

ca. 1.500

Velayos, M. et al. (2014): Checklist of the Vascular plants of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea)

Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tomé etc. (Exell 1944, with supplement 1956)

Checklist of Equatorial Guinean Flora (Royal Jardin Botanico Madrid, Internet)

Ascension Isl.

0

0

+

88

[treated in: The Endemic Flora of St. Helena (Cronk 2000)]

Benin (Dahomey)

13

[too low]

0

++

112.622

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Flora of Benin, Vol. 1 (Souza 1987)

Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo)

131

4

+

2017

Velayos, M. et al. (2013): Preliminary Checklist of vascular plants of Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Checklist of Equatorial Guinean Flora (Royal Jardin Botanico Madrid, Internet)

Botswana

27

0

++

581.730

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana (Setshogo 2005)

Burkina Faso (Upper Volta)

22

0

+

274.200

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Thiombiano et al. 2012)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Lebrun et al. 1991)

Burundi

182

6

++

27.834

Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/199

Cameroon

402

43

++

475.442

Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 34-36: Orchidaceae 1-3 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 1998/2001)

The vascular plants of Cameroon: a taxonomic checklist (Onana 2011)

Central African Republic

156

8

+

622.436

Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (Boulevert 1977-1984)

Orchids of the Central African Republic (Cribb & Fay 1987)

Chad

23

0

+

1.284.000

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Tchad meridional (Lebrun et al. 1972, with supplements 1976, 1977, 1986)

The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis (Brundu 2013)

Congo (Brazzaville)

156

[much too low]

7

-

342.000

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo (Sita & Moutsambote 1988)

Democratic Republic Congo (Zaire)

551

50

++

2.344.885

Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/199

Djibouti

1

0

+

23.200

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la République de Djibouti (Lebrun et al. 1990)

Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni, except Bioko and Annobon)

126

2

o

24.500

Checklist of Equatorial Guinean Flora (Royal Jardin Botanico Madrid, Internet)

Eritrea

26

0

++

121.144

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)

Ethiopia

167

24

++

1.133.380

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)

Gabon

271

19

+

267.667

Orchidaceae 1 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 2000). In: Flore du Gabon (Morat, ed.)

Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon (Sosef 2006)

Gambia

9

0

+

11.295

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Ghana

154

2

+

238.500

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Guinea

126

2

++

245.857

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée (Lisowski 2011)

Guinea-Bissau

31

0

+

36.125

An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) (Catarino et al. 2008)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire)

216

1

++

322.462

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Les Orchidees de Cote d’Ivoire (Perez-Vera 2003)

Kenya

261

13

++

582.646

Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Orchids of Kenya (Stewart 1996)

Liberia

146

3

+

99.067

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Malawi

408

18

++

118.484

Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

Mali

13

0

+

1.240.192

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali (Boudet et al. 1986)

Mauritania

0

0

+

1.030.700

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998)

Mozambique

199

6

++

799.380

Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

A Provisional Check-List of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique (Schelpe 1976)

A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique (da Silva et al. 2004)

Niger

1

0

+

1.267.000

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger (Fabrègues & Lebrun 1976)

Nigeria

282

11

+

923.768

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Orchids of Nigeria (Segerbäck et al. 1983)

Pemba Isl.

14

0

++

982

Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Principe Isl.

64

5

++

146

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tomé etc. (Exell 1944, with supplement 1956)

Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)

Rwanda

202

27

++

26.338

Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/199

Sao Tomé

100

17

++

855

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tomé etc. (Exell 1944, with supplement 1956)

Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)

Senegal

40

0

++

196.722

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Orchidaceae (van den Berghen). - In: Flore Illustree du Senegal, Vol. 9 (Berhault 1988)

Enumeration des plantes vasculaires du Senegal (Lebrun 1973)

Sierra Leone

156

4

+

71.740

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Somalia

11

0

++

637.700

The plants of Somalia: an overview and checklist (Kuchar 1986)

Orchidaceae (Pettersson). - In: Flora of Somalia, Vol. 4 (Thulin 1995)

St. Helena

0

0

++

122

The Endemic Flora of St. Helena (Cronk 2000)

Sudan

17

0

+

1.886.068

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015)

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan, Vol. 3 (Andrews 1956)

South Sudan

72

0

+

619.745

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015)

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan, Vol. 3 (Andrews 1956)

Tanzania (except islands)

552

88

++

942.626

Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Togo

79

0

++

56.785

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Flore analytique du Togo (Brunel & Butzin 1985, in Englera 4)

Tristan da Cunha (incl. surrounding islands)

0

0

+

202

The terrestrial botany of the Tristan da Cunha Islands (Wace & Dixon 1965)

Uganda

294

9

++

241.038

Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Western Sahara (Spanish Sahara)

0

0

+

267.769

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998)

Zambia

415

24

++

752.614

Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

A checklist of Zambian vascular plants (Phiri 2005)

Zanzibar

21

0

++

1.660

Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Zimbabwe

353

18

++

390.759

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia (Grosvenor 1976)

A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants (Mapaura 2004)

 

 

Species in database

ende­m.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

SOUTHERN AFRICA

472

 

 

2.091.077

Southern Africa in general:

Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993)

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Lesotho

60

0

++

30.355

 

Namibia

17

1

++

824.269

List of Namibian Plant Species (Kolberg et al. 1992)

South Africa

470

255

++

1.219.090

 

Swaziland

92

2

++

17.363

The Flora of Swaziland: Orchidaceae (Compton 1976)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

 

INDIAN OCEAN

1091

 

 

601.231

Indian Ocean in general:

Kritische Aufzählung der bisher von Madagaskar, den Maskarenen, Komoren und Seychellen bekanntgewordenen Orchidaceen (Schlechter 1915, in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33)

Chagos Archipelago (Diego Garcia etc.)

0

0

+

30

An annotated check list of the flora of Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory (Topp 1988)

Comoros

93

33

+

1.862

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999)

Madagascar

904

730

+

587.041

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999)

Orchids of Madagascar, ed. 2 (Hermans 2007)

Mauritius

95

13

++

1.865

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)

Schlechter, R. (1915): Kritische Aufzählung der bisher von Madagaskar, den Maskarenen, Komoren und Seychellen bekanntgewordenen Orchidaceen. - Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33

La Réunion

230

84

++

2.510

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)

Orchidees de La Reunion (Bernet 2010)

Schlechter, R. (1915): Kritische Aufzählung der bisher von Madagaskar, den Maskarenen, Komoren und Seychellen bekanntgewordenen Orchidaceen. - Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33

Rodrigues Isl.

5

0

++

109

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)

Schlechter, R. (1915): Kritische Aufzählung der bisher von Madagaskar, den Maskarenen, Komoren und Seychellen bekanntgewordenen Orchidaceen. - Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33

Seychelles

23

5

+

454

Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Subantarctic islands of the Indian Ocean (Marion Isl., Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, Heard & McDonald Isl. etc.)

0

0

+

 

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

ARABIAN PENINSULA AND SOCOTRA

26

 

 

3.194.603

Arabia in general:

The Orchids of Arabia (Cribb 1979, in Kew Bull. 33)

New records of Orchidaceae for Arabia (Cribb 1986)

Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 6 (Heller & Heyn 1991)

Bahrain

0

0

++

707

 

Kuwait

0

0

++

17.820

Flora of Kuwait (Daoud 1976)

Oman (incl. Mascat, Dhofar)

8

0

++

309.500

 

Qatar

0

0

++

11.427

 

Saudi Arabia

5

0

++

2.240.000

Flora of Eastern Saudi-Arabia (Mandaville 1990)

Orchidaceae, in: Flora of Saudi-Arabia, 3. Aufl. (Migahid 1989)

Socotra (incl. Abd-al-Kuri Isl.)

4

1

++

3.579

Ethnoflora of Soqotra (Miller & Morris 2004)

United Arab Emirates

0

0

++

83.600

 

Yemen

19

0

++

527.970

 

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

WESTERN ASIA

132

 

 

2.810.527

Western Asia in general:

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005)

Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 6 (Heller & Heyn 1991)

Afghanistan

14

0

++

652.225

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978)

Checklist of the Flowering plants of Afghanistan (Podlech 2012)

Vascular plants of Afghanistan: an augmented checklist (Breckle et al. 2013)

Anatolia (except European Turkey)

92

1

++

ca. 74.000

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 8 (Renz & Taubenheim 1984)

Die Orchideen der Türkei (Kreutz 1999)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey, Vol. 11 (Supplement  (Kreutz 2000)

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Armenia

38

0

+

29.800

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [S-Aserbaidshan, Talysh-Region]

Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh region)

42

1

+

86.600

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [Talysh region only]

Orchidaceae (Karjagin). - In: Flora of Aserbaidshan II (1952)

Caucasus (Russian parts)

50

0

++

 

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999)

Orkhidei nachei strany (Vakhrameeva et al. 1991)

Cyprus

45

2

++

9.251

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Orchidaceae (J. J. Wood). - In: Flora of Cyprus, Vol. 2 (Meikle 1985)

Orchids of Cyprus (Morschek & Morschek 1996)

Eastern Aegaean (Rhodos, Karpathos, Kos, Samos, Lesbos, Chios, Ikaria, Lemnos etc.)

64

0

++

ca. 7.000

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 8 (Renz & Taubenheim 1984)

Die Orchideen von Kreta und Karpathos (Alibertis 1997)

Orchideen auf Rhodos (Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001)

Orchideen auf Kreta, Karpathos & Kasos (Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001)

Georgia (= Gruziya, incl. Abkhazia)

45

0

+

69.700

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Iran

49

0

++

1.648.000

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978)

Iraq

26

0

++

438.317

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Iraq, Vol. 8 (Wood 1985)

Israel and Palestine

33

0

++

21.946

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Annotated List of the Orchids of Israel (Dafni et al. 1986)

Orchids of Israel (Dafni 1981)

Flora Palestina, pt. IV (Feinbrun-Dothan 1986)

Jordan

16

0

++

89.556

The Orchids of Jordan (Al-Eisawi 1986)

Lebanon

42

0

++

10.230

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie I (Mouterde 1966)

Die Orchideen der Levante (Fragman & Kretzschmar, in prep.)

Sinai peninsula

1

0

++

58.824

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

Flora of Egypt, Vol. 1: Azollaceae - Oxalidaceae (Boulos 1999)

Syria

43

0

++

185.180

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)

Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie, Vol. I (Mouterde 1966)

Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

NORTHERN, CENTRAL AND EASTERN ASIA

1620

 

 

27.875.469

 

Siberia

44

1

+

ca. 10.500.000

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Amur, Ussuri, Okhotsk, Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Commander Isl.,Primorye, Khabarovsk, Magadan)

65

3

+

ca. 2.500.000

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

China (excl. Tibet, excl. Taiwan, incl. Hongkong)

[Anhui 51, Chongqing 26, Fujian 130, Gansu 83, Guangdong 173, Guangxi 263, Guizhou 212, Hainan 216, Hebei 30, Heilongjiang 24, Henan 39, Hongkong 47, Hubei 99, Hunan 100, Jiangsu 21, Jiangxi 67, Jilin 31, Liaoning 27, Nei Mongol 26, Ningxia 7, Qinghai 30, Shaanxi 63, Shandong 13, Shanxi 29, Sichuan 304, Xinjiang 15, Yunnan 918, Zhejiang 78]

1244

396

++

8.351.300

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.)

Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999)

Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi = Xinqi et al. 1998)

Japan (incl. Yakushima Isl., excl. Ryukyu and Bonin Isl.)

194

34

++

372.769

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Japan (Ohwi 1965)

Kazakhstan

29

0

+

2.717.300

Abdulina, S.A. (1999) Checklist of vascular plants of Kazakhstan

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Kazakhstan SSR (Kuznetzov & Pavlov 1958)

Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)

North Korea

46

1

+

120.500

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang, C.-S., H. Kim, & K.S. Chang (2014))

Orchidaceae. - In: Illustrated Flora of Korea (Lee 1985)

South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.)

87

5

+

99.300

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang, C.-S., H. Kim, & K.S. Chang (2014))

Orchidaceae. - In: Illustrated Flora of Korea (Lee 1985)

Kirgisia (Kyrgysztan)

12

0

+

198.500

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Kirgistan III (Shishkin & Vvedensky 1951)

Lazkov G.A., Sultanova B.A. (2011): Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan

Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)

Mongolia

25

0

+

1.566.500

Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia (Grubov 1982)

Conspectus of the vascular plants of Mongolia (Urgamal, M. et al. 2014)

Ryukyu Isl.

128

3

++

4.700

Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands (Garay & Sweet 1974) [incl. checklist of northern Ryukyu Isl.]

Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands (Walker 1976)

Tajikistan (Tadschikistan)

10

0

+

143.100

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Tadshikistan (Ovchinnikov 1963)

Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)

Taiwan (Formosa) (incl. Lanyu Isl.)

408

143

++

36.000

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.)

Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999)

Flora of Taiwan (Li et al., 1975-79)

Native Orchids of Taiwan (Lin 1975-1987, 3 vols.)

Tibet

274

11

++

1.220.000

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.)

Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999)

Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi et al. 1998)

Turkestan (Turkmenistan)

12

2

+

488.100

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978)

Uzbekistan

8

0

+

447.400

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 1995)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)

Orchidaceae (Czerniakowska). - In: Flora Uzbekistanica I (Schreiber, ed., 1941)

Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

INDIAN SUBCONTINENT AND INDOCHINA

2644

 

 

7.233.604

 

Andaman Isl.

95

15

+

6.496

Plant Resources of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Vol. 2 (Dagar & Singh 1999, checklist)

Bangladesh

156

1

o

147.570

 

Bhutan

379

12

++

47.000

Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 3.3 (Orchidaceae) (2001)

Burma (Myanmar)

823

91

o

676.552

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Myanmar (Monocotyledonae) (Smithsonian Institute, Internet-Version)

Cambodia

192

(too low)

9

++

181.035

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)

India (incl. Assam, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, excl. Jammu & Kashmir, Andamans, Nicobars)

1199

364

+(+)

3.177.786

A catalogue of Indian Orchids (Sathish Kumar & Manilal 1994)

Orchid flora of Arunachal Pradesh (Chowdhery 1998)

Orchids of India (2nd ed.) (Bose et al. 1999)

Orchids of Kumaon Himalaya (Pangtey et al. 1991)

Orchids of Meghalaya (Kataki 1986)

Orchids of Mussoorie (Raizada et al. 1981)

Orchids of Nagaland (Deorani & Naithani 1995)

Orchids of Nagaland (Hynniewta et al. 2000)

Orchids of Nilgiris (2nd. ed., Joseph 1987)

Orchids of Western Ghats (Kumar 1995)

Flora of Hassan District Karnataka (Saldanha et al. 1976)

The Orchids of Bombay (Santapau & Kapadia 1966)

The Orchid Flora of NW-Himalaya (Deva & Naithani 1986)

Monocotyledonous Plants of Uttar Pradesh: A Checklist (Uniyal et al. 1999)

Jammu & Kashmir

32

2

+

101.387

A catalogue of Indian Orchids (Sathish Kumar & Manilal 1994)

Laos

515

23

++

236.800

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)

Checklist: http://www.rbge.org.uk/assets/files/science/6.1_Tropical/Checklist.pdf

Maldives

1

0

-

298

 

Nepal

383

23

++

147.181

Orchidaceae. - In: Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal (Press, Shrestha & Sutton 2001)

The Orchids of Nepal Himalaya (Banerji & Pradhan 1984)

Orchids of Nepal (Banerji 1978)

Nicobar Isl.

61

7

+

1.800

Plant Resources of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Vol. 2 (Dagar & Singh 1999, checklist)

Pakistan (incl. Gilgit, Baltistan, Pakistani Kashmir, excl. Jammu & Kashmir)

41

0

++

796.095

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [only northern and western part]

Flora of Pakistan, no. 164 (Renz 1984)

Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

192

58

++

65.610

Orchidaceae, Apostasiaceae (Jayaweera). In: A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 2 (Dassanayake, ed., 1981)

Thailand

1209

165

+(+)

513.115

Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand / Orchid Genera in Thailand, 1-13 (Seidenfaden 1972-1998)

A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand (Vaddhanaphuti 2001)

Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/1 (Orchidaceae 1) (Pedersen et al. 2011)

Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/2 (Orchidaceae 2) (Pedersen et al. 2014)

Vietnam

1041

260

+

331.690

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)

Identification Guide to Vietnamese Orchids (Averyanov 1994)

Preliminary List of the Vietnamese Orchids, Vol. 1-2 (Averyanov 1988)

Updated Checklist of the Orchids of Vietnam (Averyanov & Averyanova 2004)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

MALESIA

7194

 

 

2.959.296

 

Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Admirality Isl., Manus Isl. etc.)

222

[too low]

47

++

48.500

A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).

Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, Kalimantan, incl. Natuna Isl. = Riouw Arch., Anambas Isl., excl. Brunei)

1693

992

++

737.619

A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo (Wood & Cribb 1994)

Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 1 (Chan et al. 1994)

Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 2 (Vermeulen 1991)

Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 3 (Wood 1997)

Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 4 (Wood 2003)

Bulbophyllum of Borneo (Vermeulen, O'Byrne & Lamb 2015)

Brunei

223

9

+(+)

5.765

Orchidaceae (Wood). In: A Checklist of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam (Wong & Dransfield, ed., 1996)

Jawa (incl. Madura Isl., Kangean Isl., Bawean Isl.)

781

184

++

130.520

Orchids of Java (Comber 1991)

Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Wetar, etc.)

203

47

- (+)

ca. 80.000

Orchids of Timor: checklist (Silveira et al. 2008)

Flora of Bali - a provisional checklist (van Balgooy et al. 2014)

peninsular Malaysia (excl. Sarawak, excl. Singapur, incl. Langkawi Isl.)

913

170

++

131.598

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992)

Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kei, Aru, Banda, Ambon, Seram, Buru, Obi, Bacan, Halmaheira, Ternate, Tidore, Morotai, Talaud, Sula Arch., etc.)

431

170

+

74.500

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002, in Lindleyana 17)

New Guinea (Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea, incl. d'Entrecasteaux Isl., Louisiade Arch., Rennell Isl., Trobriand Isl., Woodlark Isl., Misool Isl., excl. Bismarck Arch. and Solomons)

2814

 

2341

++

800.000

The Orchids of the High Mountains of New Guinea (van Royen 1980)

Lowland Orchids of Papua New Guinea (O'Byrne 1994)

A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).

Philippines (incl. Palawan, excl. Sula Arch.)

1146

791

++

300.000

Orchidiana Philippiniana (Valmayor 1984)

The Orchids of the Philippines (Cootes 2001) (darin Checkliste)

Singapore

223

(most of them extinct)

2

++

648

A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore (Chong et al. 2009)

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992)

A Guide to the Orchids of Singapore (Tan & Sin 1995)

Solomons (incl. Bougainville)

307

40

 

++

27.556

Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (Lewis & Cribb 1991)

Sulawesi (Celebes) (incl. Selayar, Banggai, Sangihe)

650

370

+

189.070

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002, in Lindleyana 17)

Bulbophyllum of Sulawesi (Vermeulen & O'Byrne 2012)

Sumatra (incl. Mentawai, Enggano, Nias, Simalue / Simeulue, Lingga, Krakatau, Bangka, Belitung / Billiton, etc.)

1150

466

++

425.150

Orchids of Sumatra (Comber 2001)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

AUSTRALIA

1420

 

 

7.691.121

 

Australia (excl. Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands)

(New South Wales incl. Australian Capital Territory 448, Northern Territory 41, Queensland 445, South Australia 235, Tasmania 201, Victoria 313, Western Australia 341)

1415

1269

 

++

7.690.849

Census of Australian Vascular Plants (Hnatiuk 1990)

Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae (Clements 1989)

Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 1987)

A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 2006)

Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996)

Flora of South Australia, pt. I (Black 1960)

Orchids of South Australia (Bates & Weber 1990)

Contributions to Tasmanian Orchidology (Jones 1998)

The Orchids of Tasmania (Jones et al. 1999)

Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996)

The Orchids of Victoria (Backhouse & Jeanes 1995)

Orchids of Western Australia (Dixon et al. 1989)

Orchids of SW-Australia (3rd ed.) (Hoffmann & Brown 2001)

Christmas Island

13

3

++

135

Flora of Australia, Vol. 49 (Oceanic Islands I) (1993)

Cocos Island (Keeling Island)

0

0

++

14

Flora of Australia, Vol. 49 (Oceanic Islands I) (1993)

Macquarie Isl.

2

2

++

123

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Flora of Australia, Vol. 50 (Oceanic Islands II) (1994)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

WESTERN AND CENTRAL PACIFIC

660

 

 

349.946

Pacific in general:

Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998)

American Samoa (Eastern Samoa)

55

0

++

203

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)

Vegetation of Eastern Samoa (Whistler 1980)

Plants of the Manua Islands (Yuncker 1945)

Antipodes Isl.

2

0

++

20

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)

Auckland Isl.

8

0

++

551

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)

Austral Islands (Tubuai Isl., incl. Rapa Iti)

11

1

++

148

Les orchidees de Tubuai (Hallé 1980)

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Banaba Isl. (Ocean Isl.)

0

0

+

5

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Bonin Isl. (Ogasawara Isl.)

12

3

++

73

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)

Campbell Isl.

5

0

++

137

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)

Chatham Isl.

35

1

++

963

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)

Checklist of vascular plants recorded from Chatham Islands (De Lange et al. 2011)

Cook Isl. (northern and southern Cook Isl., incl. Rarotonga Isl.)

10

1

o

230

Flora of Rarotonga (Wilder 1931)

Fiji

172

47

++

18.376

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora vitiensis nova, Vol. 5 (Kores 1991)

Federal States of Micronesia (central and eastern Carolines: Truk, Yap, Pohnpei, Kosrae, etc.)

62

27

+

702

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Gambier Isl. (incl. Mangareva Isl.)

0

0

+

50

Census of the flora of the Gambier Islands, Polynesia (St. John 1988)

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Gilbert Isl. [to Kiribati]

0

0

+

311

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Hawaii

3

3

++

16.729

Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i (2nd, rev. ed.) (Wagner, Herbst & Sohmer 2000)

Henderson Isl., Ducie Atoll

0

0

+

37

Henderson Island (Southeast Polynesia) (Fosberg et al. 1983)

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Kermadec Isl.

3

0

++

36

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)

Kermadec Islands Flora: An Annotated Check List (Sykes 1977)

New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (Sykes & West 1996)

Line Isl. (northern and southern Line Isl., incl. Christmas Isl. = Kiritimati) [partly to Kiribati, partly to USA]

0

0

+

757

 

Notes on the vascular flora and terrestrial vertebrates of Caroline Atoll, Southern Line Islands (Clapp & Sibley 1971)

Checklist of the vascular plants of the northern Line Islands (Wester 1985)

Lord Howe Isl.

11

2

++

154

Flora of Australia, Vol. 50 (Oceanic Islands II) (1994)

Marcus Isl.

0

0

+

5

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Marquesas Isl.

3

0

+

1.020

D. H. Lorence (pers. comm., 2001)

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Marshall Isl.

0

0

+

174

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Nauru

0

0

+

21

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

New Caledonia (incl. Ile des Pins, Ile Art, Loyalty Isl.)

213

106

++

19.058

www.endemia.nc (Website for New Caledonian Flora and Fauna)

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 8 (Hallé 1977)

Orchidees Indigenes de Nouvelle-Caledonie (Société Néo-Caledonienne d’Orchidophilie 1995)

Checklist of New Caledonian Orchidaceae (Clements & Jones 1999, in Orchadian 13)

New Zealand

111

45

++

270.000

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)

Niue Isl.

18

0

++

264

The flora of Niue Island (Yuncker 1943)

Contributions to the flora of Niue (Sykes 1970)

Norfolk Isl.

10

3

++

39

Flora of Australia, Vol. 50 (Oceanic Islands II) (1994)

Northern Marianas

5

1

++

152

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 199

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Palau Isl. (Republic of Palau, western Carolines)

63

29

+

516

Vascular Plants of Palau with vernacular names (Fosberg et al. 1980)

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Phoenix Isl. [partly to Kiribati, partly to USA]

0

0

++

42

Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific (Fosberg & Stoddart 1994)

Pitcairn Isl., Oeno Atoll

1

0

+

6

An account of the flora of Pitcairn Island (St. John 1987)

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Society Isl. (Tahiti, etc.)

33

13

++

1.628

Flora Societensis (Welsh 1998)

 

Southern Marianas (incl. Guam)

29

5

++

867

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 199

The Flora of Guam (Stone 1970)

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Tokelau Isl.

0

0

+

14

The vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll (Parham 1971)

The Flora and Vegetation of Swains Island (Whistler 1983)

Tonga

44

0

o

750

Plants of Tonga (Yuncker 1959)

Tuamotu Archipelago (excl. Gambier Isl.)

3

0

o

ca. 450

Takapoto Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago: terrestrial vegetation (Sachet 1983)

Flora of Makatea (Wilder 1934)

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Tuvalu (Ellice Isl.)

0

0

o

26

Vegetation and Flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu (Woodroffe 1985)

Vanuatu (incl. Santa Cruz Isl.)

180

18

++

12.190

Orchids of Vanuatu (Lewis & Cribb 1989)

Volcano Isl. (Kazan-retto, incl. Iwo-jima Isl.)

4

0

++

30

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)

Wake Isl.

0

0

+

8

A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg et al. 1987)

Wallis Isl., Futuna Isl., Alofi Isl. (Horne Islands)

24

0

+

177

The vascular plants of the Horne and Wallis Islands (St. John & Smith 1971)

Contribution a la Connaissance de la Vegetation et de la Flore de Wallis et Futuna (Morat & Veillon 1985)

Western Samoa

114

13

++

2.831

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)

 

 

Species in database

ende­m.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

NORTH AMERICA

212

 

++

21.938.931

North America in general (only most recent or important works):

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002)

BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org)

PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975)

Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Alaska (incl. Aleutes)

31

0

++

1.530.000

 

Canada

[Alberta 26, Anticosti Isl. 13, British Columbia 35, Labrador 16, Manitoba 34, N.W.T. 17, New Brunswick 40, Newfoundland 36, Nova Scotia 42, Nunavut 8, Ontario 57, Prince Edward Isl. 33, Quebec 48, Saskatchewan 25, Yukon 21]

75

0

++

9.970.610

 

USA

[Alabama 52, Arizona 27, Arkansas 35, California 32, Colorado 26, Connecticut 42, Delaware 35, District of Columbia 20, Florida 100, Georgia 56, Idaho 26, Illinois 44, Indiana 43, Iowa 28, Kansas 20, Kentucky 35, Louisiana 42, Maine 46, Maryland 45, Massachusetts 48, Michigan 53, Minnesota 44, Mississippi 44, Missouri 33, Montana 31, Nebraska 19, Nevada 12, New Hampshire 47, New Jersey 52, New Mexico 28, New York 57, North Carolina 62, North Dakota 11, Ohio 46, Oklahoma 31, Oregon 1, Oregon 30, Pennsylvania 53, Rhode Island 35, South Carolina 52, South Dakota 20, Tennessee 43, Texas 51, Utah 24, Vermont 50, Virginia 54, Washington 33, West Virginia 42, Wisconsin 46, Wyoming 27]

204

51

++

8.262.426

The Native Orchids of Florida (Luer 1972)

Bermuda

1

0

+

53

Flora of Bermuda (Britton 1918)

Greenland

5

0

++

2.175.600

 

St. Pierre & Miquelon

6

0

++

242

 

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA

3238

 

 

2.485.930

 

Belize (British Honduras)

288

4

+

22.965

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize (Balick, Nee & Atha 2000)

Native Orchids of Belize (McLeish, Pearce & Adams 1995)

Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985)

Lista Comentada de las orquideas de Belice (Catling & Catling 1988)

Costa Rica (excl. Isla del Coco)

1513

529

++

51.060

Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993)

Flora Costaricensis, Family 39, part V (Maxillarieae and Oncidinae) (Atwood & de Retana 1999)

Lista actualizada de las orquideas de Costa Rica (Mora-Retana & Garcia 1992)

Catalogo revisado y anotado de las Orchidaceae de Costa Rica (Pupulin 2002)

Orchidaceae (Dressler et al.) - In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. III (Orchidaceae - Zingiberaceae) (Hammel et al., ed., 2003)

El Salvador

399

9

++

21.041

Las Orquideas de El Salvador (Hamer 1974-1981)

Guatemala

899

 

160

+

108.889

Orchids of Guatemala: A revised annotated checklist (Dix & Dix 2000)

Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985)

Guatemala y sus orquídeas (Behar & Tinschert 1998)

Honduras

532

10

o

112.492

 

Mexico (incl. Baja California, Isla Guadalupe)

[Aguascalientes 22, Baja California Norte 9, Baja California Sur 20, Campeche 98, Chiapas 712, Chihuahua 87, Coahuila 38, Colima 220, Distrito Federal 65, Durango 114, Guanajuato 42, Guerrero 374, Hidalgo 152, Jalisco 384, Mexico State 243, Michoacan 279, Morelos 184, Nayarit 193, Nuevo Leon 52, Oaxaca 7609, Puebla 197, Queretaro 114, Quintana Roo 112, San Luis Potosi 143, Sinaloa 107, Sonora 58, Tabasco 124, Tamaulipas 91, Tlaxcala 33, Veracruz 434, Yucatan 48, Zacatecas 82]

1320

615

+(+)

1.964.382

Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico (Villasenor 2016)

Listado Actualizado de las Orquideas de Mexico (Soto Arenas 1988)

Icones Orchidacearum (Mexico), Fasc. 1-6 (Hagsater & Salazar 1990-2003)

Various state checklists and floras of Mexico

Nicaragua

645

15

++

129.494

Orchids of Nicaragua, Pt. 1-6 (Hamer 1982-1985)

Orchidaceae (Hamer). - In: Flora of Nicaragua, Vol. 2 (Stevens, ed., 2001)

Panama

1295

296

+

75.517

Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993)

Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'Arcy 1987)

Checklist of the Orchids of Panama (Dressler 1980)

Isla del Coco (Cocos Isl.)

6

4

+

47

Preliminary List of Plants from Cocos Island (Fosberg & Klawe 1966)

Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro, Isla Clarion, Isla San Benedicto)

4

1

++

ca. 20

The vascular flora of Isla Socorro, Mexico (Lewin & Moran 1989)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

CARIBBEAN

800

 

++

232.680

Caribbean in general:

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000)

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)

Anguilla

2

0

++

ca. 70

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Antigua und Barbuda

17

0

++

441

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Aruba

2

0

++

179

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964)

Bahamas

53

3

++

13.939

Orchidaceae (Sauleda & Adams). - In: Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (Correll & Correll 1982)

Barbados

8

1

++

430

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Barbados (Gooding, Loveless & Proctor 1965)

Bonaire

2

0

++

288

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964)

Cayman Isl.

28

3

++

262

Flora of the Cayman Islands (Proctor 1984)

Orquideas de las Islas Cayman (Adams 1971)

Cuba

309

97

++

114.525

Las orquideas nativas de Cuba (Diaz 1988)

Iconografia de orquídeas Cubanas (Marquez & Bocourt Vigli 1997)

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)

Curacao

4

0

++

444

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964)

Dominica

90

2

++

750

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Flora of Dominica, Pt. 1 (Orchidaceae) (Hodge 1954)

Grenada

68

0

++

344

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

The Orchids of the Islands of Grenada, British West Indies (Schultes 1956, in Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 25)

Guadeloupe (incl. Marie Galante, La Désirade)

107

4

++

ca. 1600

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Orchidaceae (Fournet). - In: Flore illustrée des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (1978)

Atlas des Orchidées sauvages de Gouadeloupe (Feldmann & Barré 2001)

Hispaniola (Dominican Republic, Haiti)

357

157

++

76.200

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)

Jamaica

206

54

++

10.991

Orchids of Jamaica (Gloudon & Tobisch 1995)

A Checklist of the Orchids of Jamaica (Adams 1966)

Orchidaceae (Adams, Proctor & Read). In: Flowering Plants of Jamaica (1972)

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)

Martinique

81

2

++

1.102

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Flore Illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (Fournet 1978)

Montserrat

16

1

++

102

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Puerto Rico (incl. Mona Isl., Culebra Isl., Vieques Isl.) (excl. Virgin Isl.)

135

15

++

8.959

The Orchids of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman & Del Mayda 1995)

An orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman 1995)

Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)

St. Barthelemy (St. Barts)

7

0

++

ca. 40

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

St. Eustatius, Saba (Eastern Netherlands Antilles)

13

0

++

ca. 40

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

St. Kitts & Nevis

24

0

++

269

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

St. Lucia

58

1

++

616

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

St. Maarten (St. Martin)

6

0

++

86

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

58

0

++

389

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Turks & Caicos Isl.

7

1

++

430

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (Sauleda & Adams 197

Virgin Isl. (U.S. Virgin Islands and British Virgin Islands)

31

0

++

495

An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackermann 1995)

 

 

Species in database

end.

Status1)

Country size (km2)

Selection of recent reference literature

SOUTH AMERICA

10852

 

 

17.867.545

 

Argentina

265

26

+

2.780.400

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de la Republica Argentina, Vol. 1 (Zuloaga et al. 1996)

Bolivia

1262

439

+(+)

1.098.581

Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia (Jorgensen et al. 2014)

Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 1 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2000)

Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 2 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2003)

Index Orchidacearum Bolivianum (Hashimoto 1993)

Brazil (incl. Fernando Noronha Isl.)

(Acre 89, Alagoas 29, Amapa 117, Amazonas 485, Bahia 444, Distrito Federal 236, Ceara 43, Espirito Santo 520, Goias 236, Maranhao 128, Mato Grosso 250, Mato Grosso do Sul 56, Minas Gerais 864, Para 416, Paraiba 25, Parana 690, Pernambuco 135, Piaui 11, Rio de Janeiro 782, Rio Grande do Norte 6, Rio Grande do Sul 416, Rondonia 132, Roraima 254, Santa Catarina 526, Sao Paulo 794, Sergipe 22, Tocantins 103)

2704

1741

++

8.547.404

Flora Brasileira: Orquideas 1 (A-L), 2 (M-Z) (CD-ROM, Campacci 2000)

Lista de Especies da Flora do Brasil (floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br)

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Orchidaceae Brasilienses (Pabst & Dungs 1975-77)

Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses (Castro & Campacci, Vol. 1, 2001)

 

Chile

63

36

+

756.626

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile (Marticorena 1984)

Colombia

 

3883

1811

+

1.141.748

Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia (Bernal, Gradstein & Celis, eds., 2015)

Native Colombian Orchids, Vol. 1-6 (Escobar 1990-98)

Orquideas de Colombia (Ortiz 1995) [contains checklist]

Lista de especies de Orquídeas registradas para Colombia: Adiciones y correcciones (Ortiz 2000, in Orquideologia 21)

Ecuador

4087

2111

+(+)

272.045

Orchidaceae (Dodson). - In: Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Moeller-Joergensen et al. 1999)

Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 9 (Garay 1979)

Native Ecuadorian orchids (Dodson & Escobar 1994, Dodson 2001)

Calaway H. Dodson & Carlyle A. Luer (2009): Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 76: Orchidaceae. Genera Aa - Cyrtidiorchis.

Calaway H. Dodson & Carlyle A. Luer (2009): Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 84: Orchidaceae. Masdevallia and Affiliates.

Calaway H. Dodson & Carlyle A. Luer (2010): Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 87: Orchidaceae. Genera Cyrtochiloides - Epibator.

French Guiana

381

33

+

83.534

Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana: Orchidaceae (Christensen in Mori et al. 1997)

Guyana (British Guyana)

513

30

+

214.969

Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Paraguay

168

23

+

406.752

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Peru

2300

974

+(+)

1.280.000

Orchidaceae. - In: Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru (Brako & Zarucchi 1993)

Icones Orchidacearum Peruvianum (Bennett & Christenson 1995-2000, Vol. 1-8, ongoing series)

Orchids of Peru, Vol. I-IV (Schweinfurth 1959-1961, in Fieldiana Bot.)

Surinam

369

9

++

163.265

Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Orchideeen van Suriname (Werkhoven 1986)

Tobago

49

1

++

4.828

Native Orchids of Trinidad and Tobago (Schultes 1960)

An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago (Baksh-Comeau et al. 2016)

Trinidad

181

3

++

300

Native Orchids of Trinidad and Tobago (Schultes 1960)

An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago (Baksh-Comeau et al. 2016)

Uruguay

50

7

+

176.215

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora del Uruguay (Herter 1949)

Venezuela

1488

294

++

912.050

Nuevo Catalogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela (Hokche et al. 2008)

Venezuelan orchids illustrated (Dunsterville & Garay 1959-1976, 6 vols.) (reprint as Orchids of Venezuela - An Illustrated Field Guide, 1979, 2nd ed. as Illustrated Field Guide of Orchids of Venezuela, Romero & Carnevali 2000, 3 Vols.)

Flora de Venezuela, Vol. XV, pt. 1-5 (Foldats 1969-70)

Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 7 (2003)

Desventuradas Isl.

0

0

+

ca. 30

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998)

Easter Island (Rapa Nui)

0

0

++

180

Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998)

Flowering Plants of Easter Island (Zizka 1991)

Falkland Isl.

4

0

+

12.173

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Flowering Plants of the Falkland Islands (Woods 2000)

The vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Moore 1968, in Brit. Antarct. Survey, Scient. Rep. 60)

Galapagos Isl.

17

5

++

7.844

Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Joergensen et al. 1999)

Flora of the Galapagos Islands (Wiggins & Porter 1971)

The orchids of the Galapagos Islands (Luer 1972)

Juan Fernandez Isl. (Robinson Crusoe Isl.)

1

1

+

181

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Vascular flora of the Robinson Crusoe Islands (Marticorena et al. 1998)

South Georgia and South Shetland

0

0

+

8.410

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)